Fields are one of the main elements of agricultural activity. The productivity and profitability of agricultural production as a whole depends on the efficiency of their use, therefore, for high-quality management of a land bank, you need to know the structure of the fields of an agricultural enterprise and their exact area. There are often cases when paper maps or data from cadastral plans are used in work, which are long outdated and no longer correspond to reality.
Each farm that is engaged in crop production has a field history book, compiled in paper or electronic form. As a rule, it reflects the technology of cultivation of crops and the history of crop rotations. It contains information not only about the areas of fields and the crop rotation schemes introduced on them, but also can store data on the physical and chemical properties of the soil, reports on the weediness of fields and their population with pests or diseases, record field work done, seasonal changes in vegetation indices, weather conditions and much more information.
Planning the cost of production is an integral part of the planning of the enterprise and is a system of technical and economic calculations that reflect the amount of current costs and those that have developed throughout the entire industrial cycle. The purpose of planning is an economically justified determination of the amount of costs necessary for the production and marketing of the company's products.
In the activity of any agro-enterprise, its material and technical provision with resources plays an important role, which is one of the defining directions of development. Calculations of the need for materials are carried out in advance through the planning of material and technical provision, and its development involves a thorough justification, since the implementation of the production program of the entire economy depends on this.
Crop rotation in agriculture is the practice of growing different types of crops in the same area over several growing seasons. Its application reduces dependence on one set of nutrients and reduces the chance of developing resistant weeds, pests and diseases. It aims to continuously increase the yield of major agricultural crops by improving the crop structure, placing the major cereals, vegetables and fruit crops, taking into account their optimal combination and correct predecessors, introducing new high-yielding varieties, intermediate crops, etc.